Modelling binary homogeneous nucleation of water-sulfuric acid vapours: Parameterisation for high temperature emissions


Particles formed in the automobile exhaust might form a significant fraction of fine particles in urban air. We have developed a model and produced parametrizations for predicting the particle formation rate at exhaust conditions. We studied the formation in the mixture of water and sulfuric acid vapors and at temperatures between 300 and 400 K. A thermodynamically consistent version of the classical binary homogeneous nucleation model was used. The needed thermodynamical input data (vapor pressures, chemical activities, surface tensions, densities) are carefully investigated and utilized in thermodynamically consistent way. The obtained nucleation rates are parametrized in order to be able to use this nucleation model in aerosol dynamic models, exhaust models, or other process models. The parametrization reduces computational time at least by a factor of 500.